Dialectical Acrobatics

Some of the idol-worshippers (mushrikin) say the stone house in Mecca represents the glory of God; others say that it is only God’s house symbolically. Such are their dialectical acrobatics. Similarly, they say the pillar in Mina is not the Devil but it symbolises the Devil. Why on earth do they need to symbolise God when God is omnipresent and omnipotent and why in God’s name do they give dignity and recognition to the Devil by ‘symbolising’ him at all?

Symbol means something that represents something else by association, resemblance, or convention, especially a material object used to represent something invisible. Now, this is exactly what the Muslims are associating with the Supreme God.

The fundamental teaching of the Reading propagates the belief of the unseen God and it clearly says, “This scripture is infallible; a guide for those who are observant and believe with the unseen” (2:2-3) and the most important commandment brought by Moses, Jesus and Muhammad was, “You shall NOT serve except God” (17:23).

When people make it a duty upon themselves to visit a symbol – they are actually associating and serving the symbol with the Supreme God. But the Reading says, “God will NOT forgive the association of anything besides Him… Anyone who sets any idol besides God has forged a great blasphemy“(4:48). And the Reading also says: ‘The human being tends to believe only what he sees in front of him”. (75:5).

Yet some idol-worshippers claim they need the square rock structure in Mecca as the direction to focus their ritual prayers. Others say they need the square box to unite the Muslims – but it seems that whatever excuses they give – it works on the contrary. There are no instructions in the Reading that people should face a specific direction when they pray – but there is a clear injunction that they should focus their direction to God’s prescribed sanctions as revealed in the Reading.

After considering all the evidence from the Reading, there is no doubt that the meaning of u’mra-ata (commonly known as the ‘umra) is to give life to or promote God’s consented decree (mas-jidil-lah). It does not talk about promoting a stone structure built by the Arabs in Mecca.

It is the duty of those who subscribe to the deen to cleanse God’s system, keep it pure and respond to the challenge by striving in the path of God against the idol-worshippers and the disbelievers who are polluting (or have polluted) God’s deen. God had never instructed anyone to cleanse a cube in Mecca or anywhere in the world.

Humans need a paradigm shift to follow the deen ordained by God. It is our duty to take the challenge to God’s system. It is a system of observing the moral conduct based upon universal values. It is a simple concept and easy to be observed by any man or woman. We have now reached the level of progress and technology where the machination of the few perverted minds cannot be done in isolation. Thus, take the challenge for your own good.

Those who consented to the system are assured of safety. At the very least, they will be free from the chains that burdened their neck. God’s system can be observed by anybody irrespective of gender, racial origin, culture or colour. All people are equal in the sight of God because He is the One who created them, therefore, they should observe Him the way He should be observed. I wish to remind the reader again that when I use the term He or Him, it does not mean God is being personified.

Mankind should respond to take the challenge (Hajuu) to God’s system (bayta) and give life to it (i’mara-ta) so that they can enjoy the true peacefulness. Religion is the greatest enemy of peacefulness or Islam. Forget about the Arab religion, the religion of Christianity, and the religion of Judaism or any other religion. Leave it to God to deal with those who follow religion to disbelieve in Him.

How could anyone disbelieve in God, when they were nothing, and then He gave them life to live in this world, and then He will put them to death, and then He will bring them back to life in the hereafter? Of course the most difficult part in our life is to be very certain of the life in the hereafter. Perhaps less than one percent of the world population believe in it. What does it cost to believe in it? Absolutely nothing! What IF there is there is such a thing as life after death? Perhaps at that time it would be too late for us to find out that no amount of money could save us from judgement. Or it may be too late to realise that no one can avail another including our parents, wife or children – or to understand that no one can be helped and no intercession will be accepted. It may be disturbing when we see all ties among us are severed and we return to the One who granted us life and death – as individuals.

It is a fact that every prophet talked about the life in this world and the life in the hereafter. Abraham, Moses, Jesus and Muhammad talked about it. The Unseen Power will inevitably make us answerable for everything we did in this life. He has counted every single one of us – everything that is in the skies and on earth – male or female. We may not realise every single one of us is nothing except a slave of our Master who created us. Also, it is not possible for any prophets to have instructed the people to serve them besides God. Instead they consistently said, “you shall not serve except God

God has made everything easy for mankind. He will not burden any soul beyond its mean. Thus, people can observe His system from their residences, offices or wherever they may be. Judged by the standards of the Reading people who are dressed in weird ‘religious’ attire are described as hypocrites, ‘When you see them you may be impressed by their appearance – and when they speak, you hear their voice. But they are like wooden logs. They think every outcry is intended against them. Beware of them – God curses them, for they have deviated’ (63:4).

The Arabs were pagans

The religionists were ignorant of God’s Scripture and they knew nothing about an orderly way of life or the deen adhered to by Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob and the other prophets, and nothing about what was revealed to Moses and Jesus. Therefore they had no idea of God’s prescribed way of life (Deen-nil-lah) encompassing His laws (shari’al-lah), His limits (hududul-lah), the existence of a harmonious system sanctioned by Him (aminal-baytal-Harami), His consented decrees (masa-jidil-lah), His sanctions in the consented decree (masjidil-Harami) and the concept of ‘in the path of God’ (fi-sabi-lil-lah) which had been known to Abraham, Moses, Jesus and the previous messengers.

God says the Arab race was ummyin referring to them as gentiles, a race who had no prior knowledge of God’s Scriptures. 62:2 says:

huwal-lazi ba'asha    He is the One who sent
fil-ummyin1          in the midst of the gentiles
rosulan min-hum       a messenger from them
yatlu a'laihem        to recite upon them
wa-yuzak-kihem        and to purify them
wa-yua'limuhumul      and the knowledge of
kitaba                the Scripture
wal-Hikmata           and the wisdom
wa-ainkanu            indeed, they were
min-qoblu             from before
lafi-thola-lin mubin  in total loss.

Indeed, before Muhammad was sent to the Arabs, they were in total loss about the orderly way of life or the deen. Sadly, but not unexpectedly, they continue to be.

Obviously as pagans they refused to serve God alone. From day one – they rejected the messenger and the revelations. Muslim scholars boast about this man portraying him as the most popular figure among the Arabs but nothing about his disappointment and frustration. Let us read the untold stories about this man from the Reading.

First, let us find out about the people around him including those close to him. We see that the Reading gives a completely different picture. The u’lema says they have in their possession the sayings of the prophet outside the Reading. This is exactly what his close friends demanded from him when he was alive. They said, “Change the Qur’an with something else“. Obviously Muhammad refused.

When Our revelations are recited to them, those unmindful of meeting Us say, “Provide us with a Qur’an other than this or why don’t you change it?” Tell them, “I cannot change it on my own. I simply follow what is revealed to me. I fear, if I disobey my Lord, of the retribution of a terrible day. It is completely up to God. Had I will, I would not have recited all these to you nor you would ever find out about it. I have lived among you for a long time and you know me well. Why can’t you understand?” (10:15-16)

So, where do all the hadiths which the Muslim scholars called the sayings of the prophet come from? The Last Prophet told all his friends that he follows only what was revealed to him – and everyone knows the only thing revealed to him was the Qur’an and nothing but the Qur’an. The hadiths of the prophet are actually the ‘something else’ besides the Reading.

The Last Prophet almost conceded to the demand by his contemporaries in order to maintain the friendship. Out of mercy God strengthened his heart and admonished him in the strongest term that He will inflict the prophet with double punishment in this world and after death – if he had invented something else besides the Reading.

They almost diverted you from Our revelations revealed to you because they pressured you to invent ‘something else‘. Only with that condition they would have considered you as a friend. If it were not that We strengthened you, you almost leaned towards them a little bit. Had you done so We would have doubled the punishment for you in this life and after death. You would have found no one to help you against Us. (17:73-75)

Now, this is where we see Muslim scholars and the mullahs refused to believe what the Reading says. They insist the messenger gave them ‘something else‘ apart of the Reading. They call this something else the Hadiths of the prophet. In other words, they say the Reading is wrong.

Innocent Muslims around the world were deceived by their u’lemas that the Last Prophet had many friends. They say he had thousands of followers and supporters. In 9:40 it says he had only one man with him in the cave. What happened to all his other loyal followers?

All Muslim scholars ridiculed the prophet by saying that he was illiterate despite the proof from the Reading that this man was a learned person. In 44:14 the Arabs around the Last Prophet said he was a mu-a’lamun which means, ‘he is a learned man’, but somehow they also said he was a lunatic or maj-nun.

An-naa lahumus-zikro. Wa-qod-jaa-ahuum ro-suulon-mubin, som-maa tawal-lau a’nhaa, waqor-luu, mu-a’lamun-maj-nun.(44:13-14)

How did they respond to the reminder? And surely there came to them an obvious messenger, and then they ignored him and said, ‘He is learned (mu-a’lamun) but a lunatic (maj-nun)’.

Today the religionists, ayatollahs, u’lemas, gurus, mullahs and the so-called Islamic scholars around the world promote the idea that the last prophet was illiterate whereas the Reading says the opposite. If they think whatever they utter about the prophet is a simple matter, perhaps they should think what the Reading says about slandering:-

You reiterated the accusation with your tongues, thus uttering with your mouths what you did not know for sure. You also thought it was a simple matter, when it is a very serious offence at the sight of God. (24:15)

If the so-called ‘Islamic scholars’ can create a flagrant lie about the prophet’s literacy – then, the rest is history.

They totally ignored all historical facts written within the pages of the Reading about the Arabs around the Last Prophet. The first thing his people said about him:

This is nothing but a man who wishes to divert you from what your forefathers served. This is nothing except invented lies. This is nothing except magic. (34:43)

Lunatic, liar, magician, fabricator are the common terms used by the Arabs against the prophet. The Arabs around him refused to believe the revelations. To add salts to injury they said he made up the revelations, but God provided the answer:

Do they say he made it up? Indeed, it is the truth from your Lord to warn a race (qaum) which did not receive any warner before you so that they may be guided. (32:3)

The Arabs around him were not only staunch disbelievers and hypocrites but they were also good as rumour mongers.

They knew the prophet was preoccupied with writing down the revelations, but they spread some stories to bring into disrepute whatever he wrote.

The disbelievers (Arabs) said, “This is an invention that he has fabricated with the help of some people”. Indeed, they have uttered a blasphemy and falsehood. In addition, they said, “He is writing the tales of the past which were dictated to him day and night”. (25:4-5)

The prophet was told to inform the disbelieving Arabs:

Tell them, “(what you were writing) was revealed by the one who knows the secrets of the heavens and the earth. He is forgiving, merciful”. (25: 6)

This is another example how the Reading is composed. It returns to and reaffirms a single subject in many places. In this verse it says the Arabs were rumour mongers. The something else besides the Qur’an that the u’lema holds dearly for their salvation is the by-products from them.

Contrary to popular belief, the Last Prophet’s mission failed to achieve any response from his own people. His disappointment is seen in the following verse:

Perhaps you wish to kill yourself upon their rejection to believe this message. (18:6)

Some translators indicate that the Prophet wished to commit suicide because the Arabs refused to accept the Reading. We can empathise after reading about them in the Reading. The modern Arabs claim they are following the teachings of the Reading, but the Reading is saying the opposite.

As long as the Muslims around the world remain loyal to the Arab religion they will be shackled to a false belief – until the Day of Judgement. On that great day they will listen to the true sayings of the messenger:

The Messenger will say, my Lord, my people have deserted this Reading. (25:30)

These are Qur’anic facts Muslims cannot reject. In the hereafter the messenger will not utter anything about the word hadith or sunna revered by the Arab priests, but only the Reading.

In 34:44 it says the Arabs did not get any warner before Muhammad. There is also no evidence from the Reading that Abraham was sent to the Arabs as a warner to teach them construction techniques for the building of a house for God in a place called Mecca. Abraham and Ishmael were not construction workers sent to the Arabs in Mecca.

Abraham was more of a demolition expert who destroyed idols. He did not construct a new idol in the form of a cubic house and then say, “This is God’s house!” This is what the polytheists say. They build idols and say, “This is my God!”

The simple rock structure claiming to be the Ka’aba in Mecca today is one of the greatest of the religionists’ scams. It was the religionists who built it and they have managed to fool hundreds of millions of people into worshiping this idol.


1 The word ummyin was wrongly translated as illiterates by all the popular translations. Many qualified scholars still think this word refers to illiterates and their logic says the whole of Arab race were illiterates. Is there any thinking person who wish to agree with them?

2:142-152 – the wider context

Let us recap:

  • (2:142): The fools among them ask: ‘What makes them change their focus?’ Tell them: ‘To God belongs the East and the West. He directs whoever He will to the right path’.

The people who received the previous Scripture who thought God’s scripture is only revealed to certain chosen people asked what had made the Arabs change their focus of belief from paganism to God’s deen.

  • (2:143): God says: ‘We changed the direction as a test to distinguish those who would follow the Messenger from those who turned back. It is a difficult test, but not for those who are guided by God’.

The revelation was now given to the Arabs as opposed to the recipients of the previous Scriptures (e.g. the Children of Israel).

  • (2:144): God says: ‘We have seen your face turning about the sky. Now we appoint for you a direction that pleases you. From now on, you shall focus yourself to the consented sanctions wherever you may be. You shall focus your direction to it. Those who received the previous Scripture recognize this is the truth from their Lord’.

Those who received the previous Scripture recognized these consented decrees as the truth from their Lord. A mosque cannot be a ‘truth’ of any kind.

  • (2:145): God told the Last Prophet: ‘Even if you show the followers of the previous Scripture any kind of sign they will not follow your direction. And you must not follow their direction. In fact, they do not follow each other’s direction (qiblah)’.
  • (2:146): The people who were given the Book recognised it just as they recognise their own children. Many of them conceal the truth.

    That is, they recognised the sanctions just as they recognised their own children. Why? Because they had consented to similar sanctions. The fact that they largely chose to ignore its contents is a different matter.

    • (2:147): ‘The truth is from your Lord. Do not harbour any doubt’.

    God assures us that the sanctions in the consented decree are the truth. There was no such thing as Sacred or Profane mosque at the time when the Reading was revealed.

    • (2:148): ‘To each is their own focus Therefore, you shall race towards doing good deeds. Wherever you are God will bring all of you together’.
    • (2:149): ‘Wherever you may go, you shall focus towards the sanctions in the consented decree (mas-jidil-Harami). This is the truth from your Lord’.
    • (2:150): ‘Therefore, wherever you go, you shall focus towards the sanctions in the consented decree. Wherever you may be, you shall focus on it. The people will have no argument with you except the wicked among them. Do not fear them, but fear Me instead so that I may complete My blessing upon you, that you may be guided’.

    2:142-150 describes the changing recipients of the revelation from the people who received the previous Scripture (the Children of Israel) to the people of the Arab prophet. The masjidil-Harami is nothing but a recitation.

    Such blessing as the sending of a messenger from among you to recite from our revelations, and to cleanse you, to teach you the Scripture and wisdom, and to teach you what you never knew. Therefore, you shall remember Me so that I may remember you, and be thankful to Me. And be appreciative. (2:151-152)

    The Children of Israel received God’s Scripture with the details of the sanctions of God’s consented decree. This became the focus of their commitment to the One God. When the same is revealed as a recitation to the Arab prophet they knew the essence of the message is similar to what was revealed to them previously – “just the way they recognize their own children”. The statement in Chapter 2 Verse 146 is further explained in 6:19-20:

    “Whose testimony is greater? Say, “God is the witness between me and you. This Quran ( Reading) has been revealed to me in order to preach to you therewith, and whomever it reaches”…………..”Those who were given the previous scripture recognize this as they recognize their own children. Those who lost their soul are the ones who will disbelieve.”

    Despite God’s blessing and mercy they distorted the Scripture. They were the first to conspire against God and His messengers. They perverted God’s way to create a religion and gave themselves a new name: the Jews. Moses knew nothing about the Jewish religion.

    In the Old Testament when Jesus went to the Israelites – he had a big problem with the Jews, some of whom tried to stone him. Later, the Talmudic rabbis and the Pharisees of the synagogue feared the truth he brought could end the religion of Judaism. To prevent this, they stirred up the people and falsely accused the man of blasphemy. In spite of reminding the Jews that in their own law a righteous man is called God they decided to send him to the Governor for using the term son of God. The governor found him innocent but the Jews imposed their barbaric religious law to assume that the man was punished. Later they invented a chronicle that Jesus was crucified and billions of people were led to believe the story. The Jews had successfully made people worship a mortal man.

    However the Arabs outstripped even the Jews. They were able to reintroduce their primitive Arab religion under the guise of the religion of Islam and found a way to perpetuate their forefathers’ religion of nurturing the black stone. People around the world are now elevating the Arabs’ forefathers’ deity in the centre of their invented ‘Sacred Mosque’. They have replaced God’s decrees about an orderly way of life with a physical building and abused the word masjidil-Harami so that people accept it as meaning a sanctuary or station for their stone idol.

    We concede that perhaps it may not be the direct intention of all translators to give the wrong meaning when interpreting the Reading. Many are simply duped by a culture and literature which they assume has a better knowledge of the Book than themselves. However, this does not remove the obligation of any scholar to verify interpretations for himself in a way which is in keeping with common sense and logic.

    A key point for those sincere people who are looking for the grace and the pleasure of their Lord is to remember is that God in His glory cannot be associated with any human or anything tangible like mosque or stone outcropping or stone pillars. That includes (one almost wants to say especially) when they have been declared ‘sacred’ by humans.

Sanctions during pre-Qur’anic period

In surah 17, we find many historical facts about the Children of Israel including a list of the Ten Commandments. The first seven verses describe the fundamental tenets given to the Children of Israel. It should come as no surprise that the message here, too, was twisted by the religionists.

Those without preconceived ideas will be able to grasp the meaning and the intended purpose of 17:1-2:

Glory be to the One who captivated His servant during one night from the consented sanctions towards the fringes of consented decree which are blessed, in order to manifest to him from Our signs. Indeed He is Hearer and Seer. And We gave Moses the Scripture and We set it as the Guidance for the Children of Israel. You shall not take other than Me as an advocate.

Briefly, the story in 17:1 talks about Moses being captivated by God to make him go to a certain location to witness God’s signs. It must be read together with the subsequent verse 17:2 that starts with a diphthong wa which means and to indicate the continuity from the previous verse 17:1: And We gave Moses the Scripture and We set it as the guidance. When the two verses are read together we see that there were two events. First the manifestation of the signs, the second was the revelation of the Scripture. The words masjidil-Harami and masjidil-aqsa at hand were used at the time of Moses. What are they?

From the consented sanctions (minal-masjidil-Harami) towards the fringes of the consented decree. (ilaa-masjidil-aqsa) is not from one physical mosque to another physical mosque located far away. This is the Arab corruption. We need to realize that the word aqsa does not mean far but the nearby fringes as will be explained shortly.

17:1 says the event happened at night. According to the Reading, Moses was the only man to have an audience with God. No other messenger was given such a privilege. Moses had two audiences during his tenure and both took place at night.

If we read 17:1 together with the subsequent verses we see that it is telling us about the history of the Children of Israel at the time Moses witnessed God’s signs before the revelation proper was revealed to him at a different location. Contrary to the fairy tales invented by the so-called experts (who manipulated this verse to say that the Last Prophet flew up to the seven heavens on a half-human horse that they called buraq) the Reading does not indicate nor advocate such absurdity.

Significant events such as witnessing God’s signs are normally corroborated and expanded upon in other verses spread throughout the Book. As for the fairy tales concerning the ‘heavenly journey’, there is not a single verse in the Reading to substantiate the story. The source of miracles is a pagan remnant that lingered on within the vehicle of the Arab religion. They did this by manipulating the word ‘Asra’ in 17:1 to make it to mean ‘night journey’. This word in found in many places in the Reading to refer to captive when it is used as Usara. Asra simply means captivated.

On the other hand, the history of Moses’ witnessing God’s signs during the night is clearly written in the Book. Therefore, the event in this verse cannot be attributed to any other prophet than Moses.

The first audience:

Has the history of Moses1 come to you? When he saw the fire he said to his family, “Wait here, I saw a fire, maybe I can bring some of it or find some guidance at the fire.” When he came he was called, “O Moses, I am your Lord, so take off your shoes. You are in the sacred valley of Tuwa. And I have chosen you, so listen to what is revealed. I am the One God, there is no god but Me. You shall serve Me and uphold your undertaking to remember Me. The hour is sure to come, I keep it almost hidden, to repay each soul for whatever it did. Therefore, do not be distracted by those who disbelieve therein and follow their opinions, lest you perish.” (20:9-16)

  • In 20:17-21, God refers Moses to the stick in his hands and turned it into a serpent – the first ‘sign‘ demonstrated to Moses.
  • In 20:22 Moses hands are brightened and God says another ‘Great sign‘ (ayaa-tin-kubror).
  • In 20:23 God says He demonstrated from His Great Sign (or min-ayaa-tina-kubror). (The same word from ‘his Lord’s Great sign‘ (min-ayaa-ti-rob-bi-kubror) is mentioned again in 53:18).
  • In 20 24-25 God tells Moses to go to Pharaoh.
  • In 20:26-37 the conversation continues, but strictly about his assignments.
  • In 20:38-40 God tells Moses about his personal history and in the last part of .verse 40 and the following verse God says, ‘You have lived in Midyan for many years and now you have come according to the plan. Moses, I have made you just for Me’. (The big assignment was for him to meet Pharaoh as seen in 20:24.)

If we link up 20:21-23 with 17:1 we see clearly that the event was for the purpose of ‘manifesting to him from Our Signs’ (li-nuriyahu min ayatina). The crux of the message is to ‘manifest the signs‘. It appears that God has only manifested His signs to Moses by turning a stick into a serpent and miraculously brightening his hand. This is the only evidence from the Reading about the manifestation of God’s signs at night. The intention was obvious: the man who saw the sign was to undertake an assignment. Moses’ first encounter with the Supreme God indicates the beginning of his office as a messenger to free the Children of Israel from the oppressive Pharaoh. During the first audience, only the signs were manifested accompanied by some instructions. That is all. The Scripture was not revealed to him.

Therefore 17:1 refers to the history of Moses and it is consistent with the passages in 20:9-48. But the religionists created a long story about Muhammad’s journey from a non-existent mosque in Mecca to another non-existent mosque in Jerusalem, and then expanded it by saying Muhammad was taken up to the ‘seventh heaven’ to negotiate with God about the ‘ritual prayers’.

There is no evidence in the Reading that the Last Prophet witnessed any sign from God during the day or night other than receiving the Reading and recited it to the people (29:51)

The masjidil-Harami and the masjidil-aqsa (which are associated with God’s decrees) existed as part of God’s system long before the time of the Last Prophet. When the Reading was revealed, the story of the manifestation of God’s signs was obvious to him in that it referred to a previous event of someone who saw them during the night.

There is nothing mysterious about Moses being captivated to witness God’s signs during the night once we check with other verses in the Reading to identify the persons who actually saw them. Moreover, at the time when the Reading was revealed there was no such thing as a sacred mosque anywhere – either in Jerusalem or in Mecca.

Let us examine the verse and read it in conjunction with the transliterated rendition:

minal masjidil-Harami   from the consented sanctions
ilaa Masjidil-aqsa      toward the fringes of the consented decree
al-lazi barak-na        which We have blessed
haw-lahu around         it
linuri-yahu             to manifest to him
min-ayaa-tina           from Our signs

The verse unambiguously talks about a premeditated event with no intention other than to witness a manifestation of God’s Signs which is only part of God’s consented decrees intented for Moses. We must read the complete verse to realize the objective of the event before examining the circumstances surrounding it. Here we see that the event was not meant for praying or worship, but to witness God’s signs. We see that Moses was the only person who was made to see what he was supposed to see so that it strengthens his heart to do a job. During the audience, God told him, “O Moses, I have made you just for me” 20:41. He could have decided at that time whether to accept or not to accept to believe in God after witnessing the signs. Whatever he was about to do were only the fringes of God’s consented decrees and the Reading uses the word masjidil-aqsa. It was only a small part of his duty within the whole framework of God’s consented decrees that he had to commit. The word masjidil-Harami is used in the Reading to refer to the sanctions encompassing the whole concept of God’s consented decrees.

When Moses saw the fire, he was attracted to it and decided to leave his wife on the roadside not far from the valley of Tuwa. The distance was short and the meeting was very brief. The religionists did not try to relate the concurrence of Moses experience of this event in 20:9-47 with 17:1. Instead, they manipulate the passage to propagate the famous Isra’ and Mi’raj fairy tales to dupe people into performing the five daily ritual prayers.

Before explaining the misunderstanding about the meaning of the word aqsa’, let us not overlook the history of the previous people. During the time of Moses – or even after his office – there was no such thing as the physical ‘sacred mosque‘ or the physical ‘faraway mosque‘ or any physical mosque at all.

Traditionally, aqsa has been understood to mean far or faraway. If we look at other passages in the Reading we see that it means around the same area. Let us see how the Reading is written when the word far is applied in some verses. Each time the word far is mentioned it uses the word ba’id from the verb ba’uda to denote a distance, for example:

lau-kana a’rothon qoriban wa-safaran khor-sidon la-taba’uka walakin ba’udat alaihim shu-qortu wa-sayah-lif (9:42)

If there is a quick gain, or a short journey, surely they will follow you. And if it is far upon them the distance they will swear. (9:42)

In 9:42 the word ba’uda is used to describe a far distance. For other similar meanings of far the Reading uses the word ba’id to describe something very far.

fa-in tawal-lau fa-qul aa-zantukum a’la-sawa-e wa-ain-adri aqor-ribun am-ba’idan ma-tu’adun (21:109)

If they turn away, then say, “I have announced to you the same. And I have no idea whether it is near or far that which you are threatened.” (21:109)

The word aqsa is derived from the root word qasa to mean nearby or the fringes of a certain location. This word is also used for imperatives or ‘mood’.

Let us see how this word is applied to other subjects:

Iz-antum bil-u’dwan donya wahum bil-u’dwan qus-wa war-rokbu asfala min kum (8:42)

When you were at the valley area and they were at the valley’s fringe, and the base was down from you. (8:42)

8:42 describes the presence of two groups of people in the same area. Bil u’dwan means in the valley and the word qus-wa (a derivative generated from the same root word qasa) means around the same area. Hence the verse implies that the enemies were in the nearby area and they were not far.

Let us take another example:

wajaa-a rojulon min-aqsal madinatu yash’a, qorla ya-musaa in-nal mala-aa ya-tamiru na-bika liyak-tuluka (28:20)

And a man came from the fringe of the city rushing, he said, “O Moses! Surely the rulers are planning to prosecute you.” (28:20)

The word aqsal madinah is not ‘a city that is far‘. The man who came rushing to warn Moses did not come from another city. He came running around the same area. According to the history from the Reading, Moses had killed a man and he was wanted by the authorities to face trial. The news became known to a man who came rushing from within the nearby area within the city to tell Moses that the authorities were planning to prosecute him.

Therefore, the word masjidil-aqsa does not refer to a physical building located somewhere very far. The term masjid used in the Reading is not a new word to refer to a physical building but it is always used to refer to the the consented decree from God; besides, from Abraham onwards there had been no such thing as a house of worship called a mosque. Moses did not call his people to build any houses of worship. It was the later Jews who put up synagogues. They did not call them mosques. Jesus, the son of Mary, went to Jerusalem to demolish the religious system practised in the synagogues. The high priest ordered his crucifixion. Then his followers put up churches. Moses did not know anything about synagogues. Jesus did not know anything about churches. Similarly, Muhammad did not know anything about mosques. Masjidil-aqsa simply means the ‘fringes of God’s consented decree‘ intended for Moses in consenting his responsibilities to God’s decrees.

The second audience:

Wa-iz wa’adna Musaa Arba’eina lai-latan (2:51)

And when We appointed Moses forty nights. (2:51)

Wa-wa’adna Musaa salasina lai-lata waatmum-naha bi-a’sri fatama miqorta rob-bihi ar-ba’ina lai-lata (7:142)

And We summoned Moses for thirty nights and We fulfilled it with ten. Therefore, the appointment of his Lord is forty nights. (7:142)

The history of Moses occupies a prominent place in the Reading. Besides witnessing the signs during the first audience, his second meeting with God is repeated in two verses and then it is again mentioned in 53:1-18 to confirm that what he saw was from the Great signs of his Lord (min-ayaa-ti-rob-bi-kubror the same wording in 20:23). Many people have mistaken 53:1-18 for an event pertaining to the Last Prophet. He did not have any sign manifested to him throughout his life other than the Reading.

Anyone reading the Reading for the first time is confronted with a statement that will surprise him. Given to the religionists, in the Arab tongue, it is surprising now that the Reading gives such eminence to the people of another race – the Jews. Muhammad was a gentile, and in all probability wondered why so much of the book was addressed to another race. Early on we read:

Ya Bani-Israel, laz-kuru ni’amatal-lati an-amtu alaikum wa-u-qu bi-‘ahdi ufi-bi’adikum-wa-iya-ya-farhabun (2:40)

O Children of Israel, remember the blessing I have bestowed upon you. And fulfil the covenant to Me. I will fulfil My covenant to you. And be apprehensive towards Me. (2:40)

Wa-aminu bima anzalta musod-dikhon lima ma’akum wala takunu aw-wala kafiri bihi wala tash-taru bi-ayaati samanan qorlilan wa-iya-ya fat-taqun. (2:41)

And believe what I have revealed confirming with what you have, and do not be the first to reject it, and do not trade My revelations for a small price and prepare for your meeting with Me. Do not confound the truth with falsehood nor shall you conceal the truth knowingly. And observe your commitment and maintain it pure and humble yourselves with those who are humble. (2:41-43)

This is amazing: the Children of Israel do not belong to the Arab race, yet they are addressed as the intended recipients of this Scripture.

According to the Reading, the Last Prophet and those around him belonged to a gentile race, which means they had no knowledge of God’s Scripture. The religionists, however, came up with a ridiculous interpretation of the word ummyin. It is used to describe the Prophet and the Arabs. They said that it meant that he and they were illiterate. The Reading clearly says that the Prophet was able to write since in 25:5, the pagans accused him of writing tales of the past which they said were dictated to him day and night. In 25:6, he was commanded to declare to the non-believing Arabs that whatever he wrote was revealed by the One who knows the secrets of the heavens and earth. The religionists have conveniently ignored this simple fact.

Huwal-lazi ba’a-sha fil-ummi-yin rosulan min-hum yatlu alaihim ayaatihi wayuzak-kihim wayu’alimuhumul kitaba walhikmata wa-inkaanu minqoblu lafithola-lin mubin (62:2)

He, who sent in the midst of the gentiles (ummyin), a messenger from among themselves to recite to them the revelations and to purify them and to teach them the Scripture and wisdom. And, indeed, from before there were in total loss. (62:2)

The above verse confirms that the revelation was given to a gentile prophet. As far as the Jews and the Christians around the same area were concerned this was something out of the ordinary.

It is not inconceivable that at the time when the Prophet tried to talk to them, their immediate reaction was to question the relevance of the Reading being given to the Arab race.

The people of the previous Scripture (the Jews and the Christians) raised their objection about God’s revelation being revealed to an Arab. They asserted that to be guided by God one had to be a Jew or a Christian.

They say, “You have to be Jewish or Nazarene to be guided.” (1st part of 2:135)

The Reading retorts:

Tell them, “We follow the principle of Abraham the sincere, he never was an idol-worshipper.” (2nd part of 2:135)

True servants of God only follow the example of Abraham. From this reply we can positively say the Jews and the Christians are amongst the idol-worshippers until and unless they follow the principle of Abraham the monotheist. The fundamental belief of God’s servant will testify the following statement to their faith:

Tell them, “We believe in God and what was revealed to us and what was revealed to Abraham and Ishmael and Isaac and Jacob and the patriarchs, and what was revealed to Moses and Jesus and what was given to the prophets from their Lord. We do not make any distinction between any of them. To Him we are at peace (Muslims).” (2:136)

This is the perfect concept of a person who is at peace as far as the teaching of the Reading is concerned. He must believe in God, His revelations, and what was revealed to Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob, the patriarchs, and what was revealed to Moses and Jesus and what was given to the prophets from their Lord. Nobody should make any distinction between any of them. Therefore, anyone who truly believes the above is considered a Muslim or those who are peace with God.

Unfortunately, all the ‘monotheistic’ religions today pick one prophet and disregard the rest. The Jews concentrate on Moses. The Christians can relate to Abraham, Isaac, Ishmael, Jacob, Moses and the other prophets only insofar as they have a bearing on Jesus. And the religionists, it has been demonstrated, have formulated their own religion around a tribally-biased illusory historical depiction of Muhammad, and it is this invention which is the source of the fanaticism, terrorism, extremism and ignorance in the Arab religion.

According to the Reading, the true rejecters are those who make a distinction between the messengers of God – and that is exactly what we find in all religions:

Those who disbelieve in God and His messengers, and make a distinction among God and His messengers, and say, “We believe in some, and reject some,” and try to follow an in-between path. These are the true disbelievers, and We have prepared for the disbelievers a humiliating retribution. (4:150-151)

As for those who believe in God and His messengers, they make no distinction among any of them. God will recompense them. God is Forgiver and Merciful. (4:152)

The people of the previous Scriptures were told that the Reading was revealed in Arabic as a test for them to distinguish between those who would sincerely follow God’s Messenger from those who would turn on their heels. Here we see God’s Scripture does not necessarily need to be revealed to a specific community. The racial origin of God’s prophet is not important; the message is. When mankind refuses to consent to God’s message it is not the prophets or the messengers that they reject, but rather God’s revelations.

We realise that you are saddened by what they say. However, it is not you that they reject, but it is God’s revelations that the wicked disregard. The messengers before you have been similarly rejected, but they steadfastly persevered in the face of their rejection, and they were persecuted until our victory came to them. And this will always be the case; God’s tradition is unchangeable. (6:33-34)


1 The history of Moses occupies a prominent place in the Quran. He was set as a good example for those who wish to take a challenge in the cause of God. He did not promote extremism, but persevered with his trust in the unseen God.

God’s consented decrees pre-Qur’anic period

Verse 9:107 describes the masjid (or the consented decree) which was corrupted during the time of the previous messengers. By corrupting it, the people were directly abusing God’s consented decrees, which the Quran calls masa-jidil-lah.

  • When the Torah was revealed to Moses, his people were enjoined to uphold the same deen revealed to Noah and Abraham. But the religionists corrupted the fundamental commandments consented by God to create a new religion. They introduced Judaism, an entity unknown to Moses.
  • Jesus, the son of Mary, was sent to the Children of Israel to confirm what was given to Moses. His own followers plotted against him and ignored the original decree which Jesus wanted them to restore. Instead they created a new religion in his name. Jesus did not call any of his followers Christians, Catholic or Protestants.
  • Similarly, when the Quran was revealed confirming the decrees given to Moses the Arabs corrupted the words in it – cunningly replaced it with the Arab religion. They have prevented others from God’s consented decree or masa-jidil-lah.

    This is how the consented decree was abused. Their common intention was to destroy God’s consented decrees (masa-jidil-lah) as stated in 2:114.

    One can hardly overlook the historical references to the Children of Israel, which are found throughout the Reading. For example, when they first received the Scripture they were warned that they would transgress on earth twice. When the first instance took place, God punished them through His servants who possessed great strength to invade their homeland. When the tide was turned in their favour, it was accompanied by another warning which said that if they worked righteousness, it would be for their own good, but if they worked evil they would suffer the consequences.

    When the second transgression takes place, their opponents will neutralize them and they will enter the masjid the way they entered it the first time. Here we see the word masjid is attributed to the Children of Israel and it clearly does not refer to a physical building called a mosque. It simply means that long before the time of Muhammad, the Children of Israel consented themselves to the masjid (or consented decree). Thus, we can positively say that the Children of Israel were not inside any physical mosque.

    The Children of Israel transgressed God’s laws. They distorted the Scripture and rebelled. Out of His Mercy, God sent Jesus to confirm what was revealed to Moses:

    We gave Moses the Scripture, and subsequent to him We sent messengers, and We gave Jesus the son of Mary profound signs and supported him with the Holy Spirit1 (ruHul qudus). Whenever a messenger came to you with commandments contrary to your wishes you became arrogant, you rejected some, and you killed some. (2:87)

    They rejected Jesus the son of Mary and transgressed. God says if they worked righteousness it would be for their own good, but if they worked evil they would suffer.

    Many years later, God revealed Scripture to a man who was not from among them. Nevertheless, the message of the Reading is the same as that given to Moses. The Reading gives special attention to the Children of Israel in the early part of the Reading (from 2:40 through to 2:123) telling them they should not be the first to reject the Book. They are assured that the Book confirms what was given to them. If the Children of Israel would read the Reading they would discover the truth – even about their own race.

    The first portion of the second surah of the Reading is can be summarised thus:

    1. 2:1-5 People who accept God’s Scripture
    2. 2:6-7 Those who disbelieve
    3. 2:8-20 The hypocrites
    4. 2:21-29 The message is addressed to the whole human race
    5. 2:30-39 The history of a man who lived by God’s guidance
    6. 2:40-123 The message to the Children of Israel
    7. 2:124-134 The history of a monotheist
    8. 2:135-141 Resistance by the old guard
    9. 2:142 Q: Why the Reading is sent to the non-Israelite?
    10. 2:143 A: As a test for those who want to follow His messenger
    11. 2:144-147 They knew it was the truth; they recognised it
    12. 2:148-152 Focus on the sanctions consented by God or masjidil-Harami revealed to the Prophet. Everyone should focus their attention on it.

    Although the Reading was revealed to a non-Israelite, the message in the first major surah is predominantly addressed to them. It may shock the readers that – the truth is: The message of the Reading was meant for the Children of Israel – not for the Arabs. Nowhere in the Reading has any verse addressed to the Arabs except to admonish them in the strong terms with the exception of some verses addressed to the messenger as a prophet. That is the reason why God says, the Children of Israel recognized what was sanctioned in the Reading like their own children. 2:124-131 reminds them about the history of Abraham who was committed to God’s system, and the manner in which he and Ishmael established their commitments from God’s system. The choice was given to them either to accept or to reject the revelation. It was revealed to a gentile prophet as a test for them in order to distinguish those among them who would follow the messenger without being prejudicial of racial origin – from those who would turn back on their heels. God emphasizes in 2:143: “It is a difficult test indeed – but not for those guided by Him – and He will not put your faith to waste“.

    Many people were oblivious to the essence of the message about the Children of Israel in the Reading. The details of the sanctions of God’s consented decree were prescribed in the Torah, but the Israelites had distorted and abused them. They had already entered into agreement with God or consented to uphold the tenets of the Torah the first time around, but they abused it. History does not record any Israelites entering any mosques.

    If we read 17:7 with care we see that:

    in-naa ahsan-tum   if you do good
    ahsan-tum          it is good for you
    li-anfusikum       for yourselves
    wa-ain asa'tum     and if you work evil
    falaha             it is bad for you
    faiza              therefore, when
    ja'a wa'dul        the promise comes
    akhirah            finally
    li-yasuu'u         they will disgrace
    wuju-hakum         your faces
    wali-yad-khulu     and they will enter/ inherit
    masjida            the consented decrees
    mama               the same way
    da-qolu            you entered
    au-wala mar-rotin  the first time
    wali-yutab-biru    and they control
    ma                 what
    a'lu tat-bi-ror    they will get a full control of

    They are reminded that they had entered the masjid earlier. This was when they received the Torah. Da-qolu auwala mar-rotin means which you entered the first time. It implies that they consented to God’s decree after making a covenant with Him. That is the period when they entered their agreement or gave their consent to God’s instructions. Obviously, the Children of Israel did not built any mosque.


    1 In spite of the unique quality in Jesus it didn’t work wih the Children of Israel. Later, people who believed Jesus started to think he was God. They cannot imagine it is God’s will he was created with God’s words and the Holy Spirit.

    Moses’ commitments

    Moses was chosen from among the Children of Israel to free them from the oppression of Pharaoh. Before they left Egypt, they were told to keep a low profile and use their homes as their base to uphold their commitments. Again the word Sol-laa-ta is used for commitments.

    We inspired Moses and his brother, “Let your people confine themselves to their homes in Egypt, and let them consider their homes their base, and let them uphold their commitments (Sol-laa-ta)1, and give the good news to the believers.” (10:87)

    Moses and those who believe with him were committed to spread the good news to the people – which was their Sol-laa. After they were saved from Egypt, Moses and his people were told to continue to fulfil the covenants by upholding their commitments and to keep them pure. We see the same words used in this context: Sol-laa-ta and zakaa:

    Wa-iz aqodz-na misha qor bani-Israela la-ta’budu-na ilal-lah wa-bil-walidai-ni ih-sanan wa-zil-qurba, wal yatama, wal-masakini, wa-qulu-lin-nas husnan, wa-aqimus-Sol-laa-ta wa-atu-zakaa’-ta. (2:83)

    And We made a covenant with the Children of Israel: you shall not serve any other than God. And be charitable to your parents and your relatives and the orphans and the poor. And speak to people amicably, and uphold the commitments and keep them pure (Sol-laa-ta-wa-atu-zakaa). (2:83)

    The Children of Israel were to serve God by honouring their parents and relatives and the orphans and the poor and speaking amicably to people. These were their commitments. God was not telling them to pray ritually and to pay tithes.


    1 A good example Sol-laa does not mean ritual prayer. Moses were reminded with the same word Sol-laa a few times – In this verse he and his people were told to keep a low profile in their homes and continue to commit themselves to pass the good news from God.

    Moses and Jesus did not worship God

    According to the Reading, all the revealed Scriptures stress one singular important message: that mankind is to serve no other than Him. The history of Moses is vividly described throughout the Reading. Jesus the son of Mary was sent to the same community to confirm what had been revealed to Moses.

    And We gave Moses the Scripture, and made it as guidance for the Children of Israel, saying, “You shall not take other than Me as your protector.” (17:2)

    The Reading tells us in various places that the Children of Israel violated their covenant (having pledged to uphold it) after they had distorted the words of God, and that many of them disregard parts of the Scripture. Moses left his people in anger after they refused to enter the Holy Land designated to them. Finally, the land was forbidden to them and they wandered in the wilderness for forty years without Moses. (5:25-26).

    They created the religion of Judaism and called themselves Jews. Anyone who reads the Bible will know that they built synagogues as the houses of worship and created the priesthood system. They introduced rituals, worship and offerings as their way of life and falsely claimed that God ordained it. The Reading says the Jews say Ezra1 was the son of God, but God did not give any power to him to promote His deen. As a mercy, God sent Jesus the son of Mary to demolish the religious system created by the Children of Israel; supported him with the Holy Spirit and demonstrated many miracles to prove that God sent him. He said:-

    I come to confirm what is with you from the Torah, and to permit for you what was prohibited you, and I come to you with signs from your Lord. Therefore observe God and obey me. Indeed, God is my Lord and your Lord, therefore serve Him. And this is the right path.” (3:50-51)

    They were not able to accept any messenger who came to them with commandments contrary to beliefs they had concocted for themselves. They were arrogant and rejected – and even killed – some of God’s messengers. This is the picture that emerges from their history in the Reading.

    In reality, neither Moses nor Jesus required their followers to worship the Lord God. Today, the people who disagree with the Jews’ rejection of Jesus are virtually worshipping the very man whose message was to observe and serve the One God. Although Jesus was supported by few of his contemporary, they invented a religion and started a new version of priesthood system; when all that is required of them is to uphold the commandments preached by Jesus:-

    Subsequent to them, we sent messengers, and then we sent Jesus the son of Mary. We gave him the Injeel, and we placed in the hearts of his followers kindness and mercy. As for the priesthood system that they invented, it was never been decreed for them. They were only required to uphold God’s commandments, but they did not uphold the commandments – as they should. Consequently, while we will grant the believers among them their due recompense, the majority of them are wicked. (57:27)

    God places kindness and mercy to those who follow the teachings of Jesus and He never decreed for them any priesthood system. It is human weakness that they need to worship something, whether it is the Christians deifying Jesus or the Jews deifying themselves and their own ‘chosen’ status. Both of these perversions of truth have their cousins in the religion created by the Arab religionists, the enemies who took and twisted what the Last Prophet was given to deliver to mankind.

    According to the Reading, the Jews conspired against God, Moses and Jesus because they wanted to remain in Judaism claiming that they are the chosen people. Naturally they cannot accept anyone into the Jewish fold unless they are born of a Jewish family or from the descendant of the Children of Israel. They knew Jesus was the son of Mary; the promised Messiah but they insisted to denounce him. To fulfil the need of non-Israelites – they created a fairy tale that Jesus was crucified on the cross and he was raised from the dead after three days and three nights. It was the religionists’ idea to promote Jesus had to die for the sins of others. Interestingly, the word Christians or Christianity is not found anywhere in the four books of the New Testament. Today, the people who subscribe to the religion of Christianity cannot say with certainty whether Jesus was the son of a man or the son of God or even God Himself. However, we know from the Reading the facts about this man:

    Because they said, “We killed the Messiah, Jesus the son of Mary the messenger of God.” Nay, they never killed him. They never crucified him. But they were led to believe that they had. Those who dispute in this matter are doubtful thereof. They have no real knowledge. They follow only conjecture. In truth, they never killed him. (4:157)

    The followers of the Christian religion were led to believe that Jesus was killed and crucified. Anyone who reads the last chapter of all the four Gospels will discover the event leading to Jesus death creates many doubts. He was missing from the tomb after the second night; this is against what Jesus have said about the signs of his death. When confronted, all that the Christian priests can say is: ‘you must have faith’. But faith based on inconsistencies, or against logic or through rhetorical propaganda does not prove anything. It is a side-show at best and a pernicious blight on humanity at worst.

    Jesus true mission was to abolish the priesthood system when he said he would destroy the temple. He was committed to carry out the mission and that was his service to God. He did not come to the world to show people how to worship God. Logically, those who claim they are the true followers of Jesus should be the ones who commit themselves to complete his job, at least detach themselves from priesthood system.

    When the Reading was revealed it did not teach people how to worship God – but it clearly says ‘serve God alone‘. It is, therefore, strange – not to mention downright blasphemous – to construe ‘abd2 (ta’budu) as worship accompanied by sets of physical movements: facing a certain direction (or a statue or a wall or a stone building or image) and walking around a stone structure, and so on. These are simply pagan worship rituals, created by people to simplify what they cannot comprehend.

    The ideal concept of Islam, an ‘abd is a servant who serves (na’budu) his Lord by fulfilling the prescribed covenants through his commitments. He does not fulfil his commitments by worshipping. His deeds (‘amal) are the service, or ibadah. The verb na’budu means ‘we serve’ and ibadah is noun signifying the service we render when we uphold our commitments consentingly.

    And strive3 in the cause of God with true striving. He is the one who selected you without imposing hardship upon you as the deen, the principle of your father Abraham. He is the one who named you Muslims (those at peace). Thus, the Messenger will be a witness to you and you will be witness to the people. Therefore, uphold the commitments and keep them pure (Sol-laa-ta-wa-atu-zakaa) and hold fast to God. He is your protector, the best protector and the best supporter. (22:78)

    This is the service that the servants of God must render to serve Him. Strive in His path with the true striving. Abraham is the common factor in all scriptures and people are expected to commit themselves they way he committed to God’s deen. In the New Testament the Jews pretended they were the seeds of Abraham but Jesus said they were lying because Abraham never worship His God. The act of fulfilling these prescribed covenants and striving to further His cause through their commitments and keeping them pure is Sol-laa-ta wa-atu-zakaa.

    Therefore ya’budu is not worshipping but serving.


    1 In the Old Testament Ezra was a Persian from Babylon whose main objective was to protect the interest of Artaxerxes, the king of kings of the Persian kingdom. He commissioned Ezra as the chief priest for Trans-Euphrates continent including Judah and Jerusalem. He was given full authority to create religious laws, taxes, rituals, and worships. His laws were sanctioned as sacred including death penalty for apostates, banishment, confiscation of property and imprisonment. In the New Testament Jesus condemned the teachers of the law of the Pharisees or Farsi and said, ‘unless the people denounce the Persian influence there will be no salvation for them.

    2 Arab religionists insist this word means worship. But some sincere translators do translates this word as ‘serve’.

    3 The religionists abuse the word Jihad (strive) Qur’an to instigate their followers to kill other people.